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考博英语介词有哪些用法与技巧呢?

作者: 来源:启道考博 日期:2017年2月3日 点击:

  启道考博介绍考博英语介词用法与窍门

  一、表明时刻日期的介词

  1. at:首要表明方向、场合、时刻的某一点

  at the corner of the street,at dinner,at sixty miles an hour,be sold at three yuan a dozen,come at us

  固定调配: at one time,at the beginning of,at the post office,at the airport, at the weekend,at the age of 25,at the same time, at present,at any time,

  表明因素,表明“见/闻……而”。 at the news at 首要表明时刻点

  表明特定的时刻 at night a.m. 在九点钟 表明不确定的时刻 at night, at that time, at Christmas在圣诞期间 当天 on

  表明年龄段 at the age of eight 在8岁

  2. in:表明场合、时刻与期限、情况、方向。

  首要用来表明较长的时刻单位,如月份、时节、年份等 in the 1990s in the late 19th century

  构成“in+时段名词”的词组或固定调配

  in those days,in the daytime,in a short while,in no time,in time .in 首要表明时刻段

  通常指相对较长的时刻段里 in the morning, in spring, in the past ten years 在…时刻之后,用于将来时 He will be back in a month. 介词in在短语或句型中的省掉:

  1) 某些形容词/过去分词后接v-ing方法时,v-ing方法前的介词in能够省掉。 be busy (in) doing be engaged (in) doing (忙于……)

  2) 某些动词如busy等,常与反身代词连用,这以后的in也能够省掉。 busy oneself (in) doing

  3) 某些动词如spend、pass、waste等与表明时刻的名词连用,后边的介词也能够省掉。 spend time (in) doing waste time (in) doing

  4) 在have no difficulty in doing sth.、have no trouble in doing sth.、have no business in doing sth.等句型中介词也能够省掉。

  5) 在句型There is no use (in)doing sth.中,介词也可省掉。 固定调配:in the world,in (the)future,in the snow /rain / storm,in ink,in short,in public, in one’s opinion,in modern times,in surprise,in a queue,in the open air

  3. on:首要表明在上面、依据或根底、有关或触及的方面、表明某天。

  固定调配:on doing sth.,on the afternoon of October,on Tuesday evening,on foot,hit sb. on the head,on the right/ left,on fire,on duty,on sale,on the radio, on show,on earth,on one’s own

  留意:通常带有宗教颜色的节日名词前面用at,如圣诞节。 通常的节日名词前用on。on 首要指详细某一天。

  表明是详细的日期和星期 on Monday, on October 1st,1949. on my birthday.

  某一天特定的上午下午或深夜 on the night of December 31,1999. on a fine day.在第几天 on her first day to school, on the tenth day I was in Beijing.

  4. by首要表明挨近、时限、动作的执行者、方法。

  固定调配:by the village, by oneself,by foot(=on foot),by hand,learn … by heart

  二、表明地址,方位的介词

  1. for首要表明目的、因素、交换值以及时刻和间隔的长度。

  固定调配:make sth. for sb., thank sb. for sth., for example, for sale,for free, for 表明一段时刻

  表明一件事连续的长短,通常接详细的时刻 I have lived in Nanjing for 2 years.

  2. of 表明有些与全体的联系、一切联系、来源和所用的资料。

  of 一切格表明的多种联系:

  1) 从属联系:the wheel of the car

  2) 局部----全体联系:some of the water

  3) 量化联系:a cup of tea

  4) 描绘联系:a professor of learning(常识丰厚的教授)

  5) 同位联系: the city of Beijing

  6) 动宾联系:the study of the map(研究地图)

  7) 主谓联系:the determination of the workers(工大家的决计)

  固定调配: be fond of,make fun of,be tired of,of one’s own,instead of,

  3. to 首要表明方向、程度、结果、联系和方位。

  固定调配: to one’s surprise / joy/ astonishment,to the east of,key to…,come up to,add up to,be open to the public, thanks to, stick to,refer to

  4. during 表明一段时刻

  在…期间内,着重在此期间内发生了什么事

  I studied in this university for 4 years, during that time most of my time was spent in learning English. 可接表明时刻连续一段时刻的名词 during my visit to China, during my holiday.

  5. from 与to, till连用

  Most people work from nine to five. 多数人过着朝九晚五的日子

  6. since,since+时刻点 从那一刻起,与现在完成与过去完成时连用

  He has been here since last Sunday. 自从上星期天起,她就在这里

  三、考博英语简单错、常考的介词及调配

  1. be made of,be made from,be made into,be made in

  2. call on = visit,call for = go and pick up

  3. on business (出差)/ strike()停工 / duty(值日) / holiday / fire / vacation / watch(戒备) / sale(出售) / leave(请假) / guard(戒备)

  4. have some trouble / difficulty (in) doing sth.,have a habit / idea / plan of doing sth.

  5. A is pleased to B,B is pleased with A(对……感到满足)

  6. with the help of,under the leadership of

  7. by means of(运用),by way of(经由),by heart(记住),by the way

  8. out of question(毫无疑问),out of the question(毫不也许)

  9. prevent / stop / keep sb. from doing sth.

  10. be thankful to sb. for sth.

  11. steal sth. from sb.,rob sb. of sth.

  12. insist on doing sth.,persist in doing sth.,stick to,go on doing sth. 14. set about doing sth.,set out to do sth.

  13. look sb. in the face,hit sb. on the face,lead the cow by the nose

  14. do a favour for sb. = do sb. a favour

  四、考博英语介词的惯用型

  1. above all(首要),after all,at all(全然),in all

  2. day after day,year after year,one after one,one after another

  3. at peace(平和),at war(战役),at times(时常),at dinner

  4. by oneself,by all means(尽一切办法、必须),by chance,by accident, by no means(决不、并没有),by means of(用、依托) ,by the way

  5. in her teens(十几岁),in pain,in danger,in need

  6. to one’s joy / sorrow / surprise

  7. with care(细心地),with joy / pleasure(快乐地),with one’s help, with the best wishes(致以咱们杰出的祝福),without difficulty(毫不艰难地),without exception(毫不例外),without delay(当即、立刻)

  8. according to(依据),along with(和……一同),as to(至于……),because of,except for(除……以外),instead of(替代)

  9. out of order(不正常),out of date,out of trouble(脱离窘境),out of sight, out of debt(还清了债款),out of touch(没有联系)

  10. at the bottom of,at the centre of,at the end of,at the top of,

  at the cost of(以……为价值)at the sight of,at the thought of,at a speed of

  11. in memory of(留念),in favour of(赞同),in the habit of(有……习惯),in touch with(与……保持联系),on the left of,on the eve of(在……前夕)

  12. from time to time(不时地), from day to day(每天), from hand to hand(一个传一个),from side to side(摆布地),from car to car(一个车厢一个车厢地),from bad to worse(越来越差),from beginning to end(从头到尾),from hand to mouth(仅能糊口),from head to foot,from start to finish,from one to another

  五、把握方法、手法、东西的表达方法

  1. in +文字、言语、资料名词

  in English (ink, pencil, capital letters) write in pen, 用钢笔写 speak in a low voice 小声说话

  2. with +东西、机器;人体器官;情绪、情感、情绪的名词

  with a branch, with one’s nose, with pride, with satisfaction,

  with the help of, with one’s permission

  We can see with our eyes and write with our hands.

  I killed a fly with a fly flap. 我用苍蝇敲打死了一只苍蝇

  3. by 表明泛指的方法、手法

  by bus, by land, by means of(用……方法), by way of(经由) , by doing sth., by hand(手工), by post(由邮局传递), by letter(用写信的方法), by electricity, by hard work, by the year, by the hour(by + the + 单位名词) 按……

  4. 其它表明方法(情况、情况、手法)的表明法

  through the radio / by radio / on the radio, through / by / from practice,

  by telephone (on the telephone), on foot, on the train, in satisfaction, in surprise, in silence, in a low voice, in comfort, in sorrow, in high / good / poor spirits,

  in anger, in safety, in debt, in good order, in good / poor health, in tears, in use, in pain,

  六、 留意:某些名词和介词的固定调配

  1. 请求to:key, answer, visit, apology, introduction 以to为基地构成短语的概括

  belong to, come to(复苏), look forward to, lead to, stick to, refer to, turn to, drink to(为……干杯), object to(反对), reply to the letter, help oneself to, sing / dance to the music(和着……在……声中唱/跳), devote oneself to

  2. 请求in:interest, satisfaction

  3. 以for为基地构成短语的概括

  ask for, call for(去接或人), care for(关怀), go in for(从事), answer for(对……担任), send for, pay for, praise sb. for(赞扬或人某事), head for(向……方向移动), search for, take … for …(误以为), leave for, prepare for(为……准备), thank sb. for, make a dive for(向……猛冲), make up for(补偿……丢失)

  4. 以on为基地构成短语的概括

  come on来吧, call on访问, pass on传递, carry on进行下去, live on sth.靠……日子, depend on依托, have on穿戴, have pity on怜惜, look on … as …把……看作, push on推动, spy on窥视, switch / turn on旋开, wait on伺候, walk on持续走, spend…on …在……上花费时刻、金钱, operate on给……动手术, take on a new look出现新面貌

  七、 某些形容词和介词的固定调配

  1. be afraid of 忧虑 be afraid for替……而忧虑

  2. be angry about / at sth.因……而生气 be angry with sb.对……或人发怒

  3. be anxious for sth.巴望 be anxious about sth. / sb.忧虑

  4. be different from 与……不同 be indifferent to … ……不关怀

  5. be good at …擅长 be good for …对……有益 be good of sb. to do sth.友爱

  6. be strict with sb.对……严厉 be strict in sth.

  7. be popular with sb.遭到……期待 be popular in some place流行在 ……be popular for因……而流行

  8. be pleased with + n.或what从句;be pleased at +抽象名词 听、看到而快乐

  9. be disappointed at sth. ;be disappointed with sb.对……失望

  10. be known to sb. ;be known with + n.或从句 ;be known for因……而闻名

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